Efflorescence Solutions

What is Efflorescence?

Efflorescence is a process that occurs when crystalline deposits of salts within the building material dissolve with the moisture and bubble up to the surface where the water evaporates leaving the powdery deposits intact on the surface. It can be seen where there is presence of humidity within or on brick, concrete, stone, stucco or other building surfaces. The eventual appearance is a whitish or greyish tint to the walls due to salt deposits that remain on the surface after water evaporates.

Reasons for Efflorescence:

There are three major types of efflorescence as shown below:

Primary efflorescence which occurs due to moisture captured by the material during the first installation of the structure. For example, it could occur at the application stage when the water used for a cement or mortar mix evaporates. In such cases, the problem may not recur if the surface is cleaned once the evaporation is complete.

Secondary efflorescence occurs when moisture is absorbed into a dry material, long after its installation. This can be seen during water infiltration from behind brick cladding, or water pooling in the ground beside or beneath a building. In these cases, the efflorescence remains until the problem is addressed. This can be rectified using corrective measures through Terraco Efflorescence Solutions.

Another reason efflorescence could occur in dry conditions is when water within a material evaporates before reaching the surface, which means the salt deposits occur underneath the surface. This can degrade the material resulting in scaling or spalling.

Can Efflorescence be left unchecked?

Aesthetically, efflorescence looks like a stained surface but could be indicative of excess moisture within the affected building material. This could be due to multitude of reasons and must be examined immediately to avoid any unpleasant surprises, such as unseen structural damage or mould formation.

To avoid these issues, Terraco recommends the below products that would be ideal to rectify efflorescence issues and ensure the structural integrity of the buildings.


Terraco continues its proud tradition of producing a wide range of versatile and eco-friendly specialised waterproofing products for various applications – above, below and at ground level application. Please find all the waterproofing products below.

Bathrooms & Kitchens

Terraco offers a comprehensive portfolio of products for fulfilling every bathroom and kitchen requirements as seen below.


Terraco offers an extensive range of world class decorative finishes and multiple façade solutions that combines beautiful textures with life long protection.


Terraco offers a wide range of roof coatings that provide flexible waterproofing with excellent weather resistance and long life flexibility. Check out the range below.


Airports, Hospitals & Schools

Terraco offers wide range of finishing and repair products that are ideal for use in Airports, Hospitals & Schools.

Sports Solutions

Terraco offers a high performance flooring system that is suitable for use on tennis courts, basketball courts, volleyball courts, hospital ramps, helicopter landing pads, golf course buggy paths, recreational walking paths and other demanding flooring applications.

Parking and Industrial Areas

Terraco offers high performance anti-carbonation, wall protection system for parking and industrial areas which concentrate on using barrier coatings to protect concrete from the ingress of water and CO₂. Below are the products that form a part of this system.

Gypsum Board Repairs

Terraco offers specially formulated, easy to apply, high quality gypsum jointing, skimming and repairing compounds with excellent non-slump properties, ideal for patching plaster cracks.


Terraco offers a range of quality Resin Surfacing Systems, used internally and externally as flooring and landscaping solutions that are ideal for pedestrian and vehicular traffic.